Thread-topic: *ANI exploit code drives INFOCon to Yellow
*ANI exploit code drives INFOCon to Yellow
Last Updated: 2007-03-31 14:31:15 UTC
by Kevin Liston (Version: 1)
The ANI vulnerability has been been of recent concern. I've been waiting for a
few key events to be confirmed before adjusting the INFOCon
<http://isc.sans.org/infocon.html> . We don't take these decisions lightly.
Rating systems such as Symantec's ThreatCon (currently at 2 of 4,) FS/ISAC's
Cyber Threat Advisory (currently at Guarded,) and our INFOCon (now at Yellow)
all have their particular niche. Symantec focuses on their AV and
managed-security-service customers. FS/ISAC focuses on financial institutions.
The Internet Storm Center's INFOCon intent is to "to reflect changes in
malicious traffic and the possibility of disrupted connectivity."
In the initial stages of this event, we did not satisfy the criteria to raise
the INFOCon level. Now, we have a different landscape.
* Exploit code has been publicly released which allows trivial
modification to add any arbitrary payload.
* The number of malicious sites reported is rising rapidly, limiting the
efficacy of blacklisting.
* The number of compromised sites pointing to malicious sites is also on
* Keep anti-virus up-to-date. So far this is the most effective layer,
particularly generic signatures that detect non-compliant ANI files. Also, the
secondary payloads downloaded by these exploits are often detectable (not
* Content-filtering. If your environment supports it, dropping ANI files
(not based on file extention, but actual file-inspection) may be prudent until
patches are deployed. This will impact your myspace.com browsing experience
We intend to maintain INFOCon Yellow status and reassess every 24 hours. (~1400
Windows Animated Cursor Handling vulnerability - CVE-2007-0038
Last Updated: 2007-03-31 11:36:34 UTC
by Maarten Van Horenbeeck (Version: 14)
Proof of Concept Exploit code was released publicly after US business hours on
Friday. While nowhere near an official patch, please consider the below
mitigation measures and handler Donald's entry on detecting and blocking these
attacks <http://isc.sans.org/diary.html?storyid=2540> .
Microsoft has released advisory 935423
<http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/advisory/935423.mspx> regarding a
vulnerability in Windows Animated Cursor Handling. A bug in the way Windows
renders animated cursor files can allow execution of arbitrary code under the
privileges of the user that downloaded the malicious file. CVE-2007-0038
<http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2007-0038> (previously also
CVE-2007-1765 <http://nvd.nist.gov/nvd.cfm?cvename=CVE-2007-1765> ) has been
assigned to this vulnerability
Affected are Win2k, XP, Server 2003 and Vista (UPDATED). While Animated cursors
are usually downloaded as .ani files, blocking these files is not sufficient to
mitigate the vulnerability. We have received reports of this vulnerability
being exploited in the wild using files renamed to jpeg.
McAfee has a blog entry <http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/?p=230> up on
this. They also have a second blog entry
<http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/?p=233> with a video showing windows
explorer crashing in a loop on windows vista when dropping a malicious animated
cursor on the desktop. Trend Micro is reporting
here on malicious .ANI files and related links being spread over the web and
through e-mail that attempt to download a trojan executable WINCF.EXE.
* Microsoft is reporting that users of Internet Explorer 7 with
Protection Mode are protected from active exploitation.
* E-mails opened in plaintext will not show embedded ANI files. Note that
HTML attachments can still be interpreted when separately clicked upon.
| Outlook <http://support.microsoft.com/kb/831607> & 2.0
* Anti-virus detection is improving now, with F-Secure, CA, Kaspersky,
Trend, Sophos, McAfee and Microsoft detecting malicious ANI files. One specific
file was also discovered by a product triggering on a signature written for
MS05-002, a similar vulnerability from 2005. This will not apply to most
exploits in the wild.
* Microsoft has now confirmed
* Outlook 2007 users are protected (as the tool uses Word to
display HTML messages);
* Users of Windows Mail on Vista are protected if they do not
forward or reply to malicious e-mail;
* Outlook Express users remain vulnerable even when reading
e-mail as plaintext.
* Eeye has released an unofficial patch
<http://research.eeye.com/html/alerts/zeroday/20070328.html> that you may wish
The vulnerability has been added to our missing microsoft
<http://isc.sans.org/diary.html?storyid=1940> patches table.
Microsoft has provided an update
on their MSRC blog, answering a number of questions that people have been
* Vulnerability was reported to MSFT in December by Determina.
* MSFT has been working on the vulnerability
* Reports of the exploit were sent to MSFT on the 28th, they initiated
their incident response plan
* An update is expected with the normal monthly fixes
CVE 2007-0038 <http://nvd.nist.gov/nvd.cfm?cvename=CVE-2007-0038>
A good write-up and analysis of one ani exploit in action
Arbor Network's write-up